List of Glossary Terms

The PDSnet Glossary of Terms contains definitions and explanations for over 2600 financial market terms. These definitions are constantly kept up-to-date with current topical examples from the markets. They are also updated for changes in legislation and current events like COVID19 and the July 2021 civil unrest.

The terms in the Glossary are directly linked to all PDSnet articles, confidential reports, lecture modules and other material. This means that a client reading one of our publications can immediately see which terms are defined in the Glossary and click through to read the definition. Terms within the definitions in the glossary are similarly linked, which gives the Glossary an enormous educational depth share market investors.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Numeric


K-SHAPED RECOVERY
A recovery from economic recession in which different parts of the economy recover at varying speeds. The terms came into use following the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic and the recovery from the recessionary... read more
 
KAGI
One of three types of Japanese candlestick charts that does not have time on the horizontal axis.
 
KALMAN FILTERS
A linear system in which the mean squared error between the desired and the actual output is minimised when the input is a random signal. The filter is named after Rudolf E. Kalman, though Thorvald... read more
 
KEY REVERSAL DAY
A day with a much wider range of trade than usual which occurs at the top or bottom of a cycle. When a key reversal day occurs at the top of a cycle, prices open in new highs and then close below... read more
 
KEYNES JOHN MAYNARD

Keynes was a British economist who devloped the "monetarist" school of thought in economics. He is well known for publishing a book, "The General Theory... read more

 
KIMBERLEY PROCESS CERTIFICATION SCHEME
This is a scheme which was launched at a conference held in Kimberley in 2000 and was subsequently the subject of a United Nations resolution to certify rough diamonds. The objective was to stop... read more
 
KING 3 REPORT
A report on corporate governance and the duties of directors which has been accepted by the JSE as applying to all listed companies. The King report is now... read more
 
KONDRATIEV WAVE

The developer of the wave theory named after him. The Kondratiev Cycle is a theory based on a study of nineteenth century price behaviour which included... read more

 
KONDRATIEV, NIKOLAI

The developer of the wave theory named after him. The Kondratiev Cycle is a theory based on a study of nineteenth century price behaviour which included... read more

 
KRUGERRAND
A gold coin containing exactly one ounce of gold in the form of "royal gold" which is 8.3% copper. The copper is added to make the coin harder so that it cannot easily be "sweated" or "clipped".... read more
 
KST
Indicator developed by Martin Pring. A weighted summed rate of change oscillator. Four different rates of change are calculated, smoothed, multiplied by weights and then summed to form one indicator.... read more
 
KURTOSIS
Descriptive measure of how flat or pointed a distribution is. In probability theory and statistics, kurtosis is a measure of the "peakedness" of the probability distribution of a real-valued... read more